What is best suited for accessing an excavation?

HSE recommend numerous ways to comply with ‘safe access’; obvious methods are the use of a ladder, stepping back an excavation and benching a slope to provide a walkway into the trench. … We now consider this method as the best way to access excavations.

What is the safest way to get into and out of a deep excavation?

Prevent people and materials falling in – with barriers strong enough not to collapse if someone falls against them. Keep plant and materials away from the edge. Avoid underground services – use relevant service drawings, service locating devices and safe digging practice. Provide ladder access to get in and out.

What is required before considering entering an excavation?

To maintain the required precautions, a competent person must inspect excavation supports or battering at the start of the working shift and at other specified times. No work should take place until the excavation is safe. Commercial clients must provide certain information to contractors before work begins.

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What are the safety measures for excavation?

03. Safety Precaution while Excavation Work:

  • Prepare firm and broad approach road. …
  • The nail should not be lying around, after the completion of layout work.
  • Barricade the site to restrict the entry of animal and the unauthorised person on site.
  • Ensure that workers are wearing personal protective equipment.

How is excavation done in site?

Work procedure for excavation at construction site involves understanding of centre line and excavation drawings, setting out of plan on ground, excavation of soil and removal of excess soil. Quality checks such as recording ground level and marking of reference points should be done.

What is open excavation method?

Open trench excavation consists of digging down to and exposing the existing pipe, removing the existing pipe or a section of it, installing a new pipe or a section of new pipe, and then backfilling the trench.

What is excavation work?

Excavation is the process of moving things like earth, rock, or other materials with tools, equipment, or explosives. It includes earthwork, trenching, wall shafts, tunneling, and underground. … These processes will require unique techniques, tools, and machinery to get the job done right.

When should you support excavation?

An excavation support is generally required for excavations that exceed a depth of 6 ft, or excavations that are not sloped. Support for deep excavations (depth exceeding 10 to 14 ft ) refers to the additional bracing that is required to stabilize a retaining wall such as a sheet pile .

What are 2 measures that could be used to prevent ground collapse when excavating?

Engineering Controls – for example benching, battering or shoring the sides of the excavation to reduce the risk of ground collapse.

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What is the OSHA standard for excavation?

OSHA requires employers to provide ladders, steps, ramps, or other safe means of egress for workers working in trench excavations 4 feet (1.22 meters) or deeper. The means of egress must be located so as not to require workers to travel more than 25 feet (7.62 meters) laterally within the trench.

How do you protect deep excavation?

Those methods are sloping, benching, and shoring or shielding. Sloping: Sloping is a viable option as a protective system. Sloping is often the most cost-effective way to protect employees from potential trenching and excavation hazards.

What is excavation and types?

A common method of classifying excavation is by type of excavated material: topsoil, earth, rock, muck, and unclassified. Topsoil excavation is removal of the exposed layer of the earth’s surface, including vegetation. … Earth excavation is removal of the layer of soil immediately under the topsoil and on top of rock.

What are two methods of excavation?

Trenches are used in archeology, civil engineering, and military engineering for various purposes. In residential construction, they are excavated mainly to provide a base for buildings.


  • Shielding.
  • Shoring.
  • Benching.
  • Battering.

What is excavation support?

Excavation support systems are temporary earth retaining structures that allow the sides of excavation to be cut vertical or near vertical.