Frequent question: What is the process involved in excavation?

Answer: Excavation is the process of moving earth, rock or other materials with tools, equipment or explosives. It includes earthwork, trenching, wall shafts, tunneling and underground. … Some of the different processes used in excavation include trenching, digging, dredging and site development.

What is excavation in construction?

Excavation is the process of moving things like earth, rock, or other materials with tools, equipment, or explosives. It includes earthwork, trenching, wall shafts, tunneling, and underground. … Construction is one of the most common applications for excavation.

What is the explanation of excavation in civil engineering earth work?

Excavation work is defined as the removal of earth, rock or other material in connection with construction or demolition works using tools, machinery or explosives to form an open face, hole or cavity. Excavation work includes any earthwork, trenching, cofferdam, caisson, well, shaft, tunnel or underground working.

What is an excavation project?

Keyword(s): excavation project

Excavating involves site preparation, grading, trenching, and other tasks that involve heavy equipment. … That’s why you can’t just borrow an excavator and start digging around. You could hit a utility line or cause a cave-in.

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What is the first step in excavation?

The first and primary step involved in the excavation is to find out the extent of soil and Clearing of construction site is of unwanted bushes, weeds and plants. Setting out or ground tracing is the process of laying down the excavation lines and centre lines etc. on the ground before the excavation is started.

Why is excavation done?

excavation, in archaeology, the exposure, recording, and recovery of buried material remains. … Most important excavations are the result of a prepared plan—that is to say, their purpose is to locate buried evidence about an archaeological site.

How many types of excavation are there?

A common method of classifying excavation is by type of excavated material: topsoil, earth, rock, muck, and unclassified.

What is excavation support?

Excavation support systems are temporary earth retaining structures that allow the sides of excavation to be cut vertical or near vertical.

What are two methods of excavation?

Trenches are used in archeology, civil engineering, and military engineering for various purposes. In residential construction, they are excavated mainly to provide a base for buildings.


  • Shielding.
  • Shoring.
  • Benching.
  • Battering.

How do you prepare for excavation?

Clearing the site – to prepare a site for excavation, the site must be cleared of trees and shrubs, and any previously existing structures above or below ground must be removed and carted away. In some cases, very little clearing is necessary, and in other cases, there’s a great deal of clearing to be done.

What is the base word in excavation?

The Latin source of excavation is excavationem, “a hollowing out,” from excavare, “to hollow out,” with its roots of ex-, “out,” and cavare, “to hollow.”

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How do you excavate a house?

Understanding the excavation process when building a new house

  1. Remove unwanted trees and shrubs.
  2. Rocks must be dug up and removed from the site. …
  3. Remove all tree stumps.
  4. Remove all vegetation from site down to at least one foot below grade.
  5. Do not bury trees, branches, and debris, near your home.