It may be defined in terms of Physiological maturity and horticultural maturity, it is a stage, which will allow fruits / vegetables at its peak condition when it reaches to the consumers and develop acceptable flavour or appearance and having adequate shelf life.
What is maturity in post harvest?
Maturity is a stage of full development of the tissues of the fruit only after which it will ripen. Ripening stage comes only after maturity. Maturation: is the stage of development leading the attainment of physiological or horticultural maturity. Principles of harvest maturity.
What is the difference Physiological maturity and harvest maturity?
Difference between physiological maturity and horticultural maturity
|Physiological maturity||Horticultural maturity|
|4. Closely associated with fruits.||4. Closely associated with vegetables.|
|5. Allow normal ripening after harvest.||5. May not ripen.|
|6. Seed collection easy.||6. Seed collection not easy.|
What are the principles of harvest maturity?
The principles dictating at which stage of maturity a fruit or vegetable should be harvested are crucial to its subsequent storage and marketable life and quality. Post-harvest physiologists distinguish three stages in the life span of fruits and vegetables: maturation, ripening, and senescence.
What is horticultural maturity?
Horticultural maturity is the stage of development at which a plant or plant part possesses the prerequisites for use by consumers for a particular purpose. A given commodity may be horticulturally mature at any stage of development (see fig. 6.1).
What are the stages of maturity?
Maturity is defined in three stages: Starting, Developing and Maturing.
What is the importance of harvesting the crops with exact correct maturity?
When to Harvest? It’s important to know when to harvest since the correct time of harvest is crucial in preventing crop losses. Losses can be also caused by field animals, plant diseases, insect pests or certain weather conditions. Timely harvesting ensure good crop quality and market value.
Is it advisable to harvest in rain?
Secure your farm produce
Keep your crops away from rain, especially the ones that are ready for harvest, as leaving them on soil that is drenched in too much water can have negative effects. Moisture on the farm’s produce can cause microbial growth, which leads to fungus and mould.
Why it is important to determine the maturity indices of crops?
Importance of maturity indices: • Ensure sensory quality (flavour, colour, aroma, texture) and nutritional quality. Ensure an adequate postharvest shelf life. Facilitate scheduling of harvest and packing operations. Facilitate marketing over the phone or through internet.
What are the methods of harvesting?
Hand harvesting, harvesting with hand tools and harvesting with machinery are the three harvesting methods. Reaping, threshing, cleaning and hauling are the four stages of harvesting.
What are harvesting indices?
Harvest index (HI) is the ratio of grain to total shoot dry matter and is as a measure of reproductive efficiency. … All these factors can increase biomass accumulation, grain number and thus grain yield potential.
What should you do to avoid damages during harvesting?
6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest Losses
- Assess Maturity. …
- Check Your Water Quality. …
- Check Your Water Temperature. …
- Avoid Injury. …
- Keep Your Produce Cool. …
- Proper Storage.
What is maturity of fruits and vegetables?
Maturity of fruit and vegetable can be defined as two type namely physiological maturity (The stage of development when a plant part will continue development even if detached; mature fruits) and horticultural maturity (The stage of development when a plant part possesses the necessary characteristics for use by …