Optimal harvesting time primarily depends on the fruit variety characteristics, as well as on weather conditions during the growing season. Furthermore, optimal harvesting time also depends on the purpose of fruit production: whether it’s produced for fresh consumption or processing.
What are the 3 factors that depends on the right time of harvesting?
While the major factor determining the time of harvest is the maturity of the crop, other factors such as weather, availability of harvest equipment, pickers, packing and storage facilities, and transport are important considerations.
What are the factors to consider in harvesting fruits?
The management of temperature, ventilation, and relative humidity are the three most important factors that affect postharvest quality and storage life of horticultural produce.
What are the consequence of not harvesting on time?
Timely harvesting ensures good grain quality and high market value. Harvesting too early will result in a higher percentage of unfilled or immature grains, which will lower the yield and cause higher grain breakage during milling. Harvesting too late will lead to excessive losses and increased breakage in rice.
What is the meaning of harvesting in agriculture?
Definition. The harvest is the operation of gathering the useful part or parts of the plant. It is a voluntary intervention by man, carried out at the time when all the nutrients have been developed and when the edible parts have reached the degree of maturity appropriate to the treatments to follow.
What are the factors that influence the quality of agricultural produce?
Among these are soil factors, such as pH, available nutrients, texture, organic matter content and soil-water relationships; weather and climatic factors, including temperature, rainfall and light intensity; the crop and cultivar; postharvest handling and storage; and fertilizer applications and cultural practices.
What are the factors influencing quality and briefly discuss why?
Fundamental factors affecting Quality Control
The nine fundamental factors (9 M’s), which are affecting the quality of products and services, are: markets, money, management, men, motivation, materials, machines and mechanization. Modern information methods and mounting product requirements.
Why do we need to consider the best time to harvest fruits?
Crops that need to be harvested regularly must be picked as soon as their fruits turn ripe. This is especially important because the fruit of these crops will rot or over-mature to the point that they get rough, lose their flavor, and can even grow to enormous proportions.
What are the 3 factors that cause the deterioration of fresh vegetables?
Major causes of food deterioration include the following:
- growth and activities of micro-organisms, principally bacteria, yeasts and moulds;
- activities of natural food enzymes;
- insects, parasites and rodents;
- temperature, both heat and cold;
- moisture and dryness;
- air and in particular oxygen;
What is the process of harvesting?
Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields. Reaping is the cutting of grain or pulse for harvest, typically using a scythe, sickle, or reaper. … The term “harvesting” in general usage may include immediate postharvest handling, including cleaning, sorting, packing, and cooling.
Why is the harvest season in important time for the farmers?
Answer: It’s an important time of year. It’s a time when the food that farmers grow gets collected and tallied. Starting now, and continuing late into the year, farmers will be delivering a vast amount of food to the market, some of it destined to stay in Canada, some of it for export.
Why timing play an important role in harvesting perishable crops?
The longer the time the food is stored the greater is the deterioration in quality an’ the greater is the chance of damage and loss. Hence storage time is a critical factor in lose of foods, especially those that have a short natural shelf life.
Is it important to harvest perishables the right way?
Because of the perishable nature of vegetables, harvesting and handling speed is of utmost importance as soon as harvest maturity has occurred. Every producer should have products reach the end consumer as quickly as possible. Unfortunately, they have no control once the produce leaves their farm or packing sheds.
What harvest time means?
Definition of harvesttime
: the time during which an annual crop (such as wheat) is harvested.
Which two factors determine whether the crop is ready for harvesting?
The availability of moisture and irrigation facilities decide the choice of the crop to be cultivated after one harvest. If crop rotation is done properly then two or three crops can be grown in a year with good harvest.
How is quality of harvest determined?
2.1 Harvest handling
- Skin colour: This factor is commonly applied to fruits, since skin colour changes as fruit ripens or matures. …
- Optical methods: Light transmission properties can be used to measure the degree of maturity of fruits. …
- Shape: …
- Size: …
- Aroma: …
- Fruit opening: …
- Leaf changes: …